Periodontal simply means “the tissue around the teeth.” Periodontists specialize in the treatment and surgery of this area, which is often characterized by gum disease. Plaque is the most common element causing gum disease.
Unfortunately, periodontal-related problems are often discovered after they have persisted for an extended period of time. Proper oral hygiene, daily dental care and regular dental check-ups will minimize the risk of developing gum disease. Gum disease ranges from mild (gingivitis) to moderate (periodontitis) to the severe (periodontitis). Treatments are available for every stage of gum disease.
Common problems associated with gum disease:
· “Long” teeth (receding gum lines expose the root portions of your teeth)
· Discolored or deteriorating tooth structure
· Gum depressions (holes in between the teeth in the gum tissue)
· Infected gum line (discoloration or inflammation of the gum tissue)
· Tooth loss or tooth movement